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'''John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes''' ( ; 5 June 1883 – 21 April 1946), was an English economist whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments. He built on and greatly refined earlier work on the causes of business cycles, and is widely considered to be one of the most influential economists of the 20th century and the founder of modern macroeconomics.Davis, William L, Bob Figgins, David Hedengren, and Daniel B. Klein. "Economic Professors' Favorite Economic Thinkers, Journals, and Blogs," ''Econ Journal Watch 8(2): 126–146'', May 2011.[http://econjwatch.org/articles/economics-professors-favorite-economic-thinkers-journals-and-blogs-along-with-party-and-policy-views] His ideas are the basis for the schools of economic thought|school of thought known as Keynesian economics and its various offshoots. In the 1930s,...
School traditionKeynesian economics
Birth date{{birth date|1883|6|5|df=yes}}
Birth placeCambridge, Cambridgeshire, England
Death date{{death date and age|1946|4|21|1883|6|5|df=yes}}
Death placeTilton, near Firle, Sussex, England
Alma mater{{unbulleted list |King's College, Cambridge}}
InstitutionKing's College, Cambridge
Field{{nowrap|{{hlist |Political economy |Probability}}}}
InfluencesAdam Smith, Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Edmund Burke, Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes, Thomas Malthus, Alfred Marshall, Arthur Pigou, Nicholas Johannsen, Knut Wicksell, Piero Sraffa, John Neville Keynes, Bertrand Russell{{cite book|title=The Return to Keynes|year=2010|publisher=Harvard University Press|isbn=9780674053540|page=146|editor1=Bradley W. Bateman |editor2=Toshiaki Hirai |editor3=Maria Cristina Marcuzzo }}
InfluencedJohn Kenneth Galbraith, Paul Samuelson, Milton Friedman, Ayn Rand, Murray Rothbard, Ludwig Von Mises, John Hicks, Nicholas Kaldor, Joan Robinson, Hyman Minsky, Amartya Sen, Abba Lerner, Franco Modigliani, James Tobin Robert Solow, Ha Joon Chang, Joseph Stiglitz, Steve Keen, Paul Krugman, Robert Shiller, George Akerlof, Brad DeLong, Thomas Piketty, Yanis Varoufakis, Robert Reich, Zhou Xiaochuan, Wolfgang Stützel, Mariana Mazzucato, Robin Hahnel, Axel Leijonhufvud, Manmohan Singh, New Keynesian economics, Post-Keynesian economics
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